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eCounsel group

A boutique firm with unparalleled expertise in business and technology. We have good command of industrial ecology and legal practice, and have undertaken highly regarded cases. Because the small business scope, we pay more emphasis on effectiveness and efficiency, and choose clients with deliberation. The managing partner not only has extensive experiences in various legal issues more over than 20 years, but invests and manages several technology companies. In addition, he always checks each case rigorously. Clients’ business objectives are our primary focus. To achieve the same in the most cost-effective fashion trumps all seemingly sophisticated legal discussions.

Sharing Economy: A Hoax or What?

2018 - 03 - 06

“Sharing isn’t new. Giving someone a ride, having a guest in your spare room, running errands for someone, participating in a supper club—these are not revolutionary concepts.” – The MIT Press

Sharing economy has been a hot topic in the last couple of years. From ride-sharing, food delivery, to spending a night in someone’s apartment, many sharing economy based startups rise and become a global player, including Uber, AirBnb, and more. These companies reach a global success both in fame and wealth, but not so much for their compliance efforts when it comes to meeting local regulations.

Take Uber for example, since its launch in Taiwan (where licensed yellow cabs are everywhere) in 2013, Uber has been in disputes with local regulators regarding the legality of its registration as an internet / software service company, as opposed to a transportation service provider. Taiwanese Uber drivers do not have a professional license like regular yellow cab drivers and can be dangerous and put passengers at risk. Moreover, with its disguise as a software company, Uber is unregulated, uninsured, and untaxed like any legal transportation service provider.

“In any case, a big part of the debate of the sharing economy is the state of existing regulations…here are two competing views here. One is that the regulations we have are mostly beneficial to customers and well-crafted, and where improvements need to be made they should be done within the existing regime. Technology and the sharing economy are simply profiting by dodging these good laws that protect consumers, and should be aggressively prevented from doing so.” – Forbes

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hTC and India

hTC has partnered with India-based phone distributor Global Devices Network to initiate its production plan in India. 「……宏達電將攜手印度手機經銷商 Global Devices Network 啟動印度製造計畫,然而,不只宏達電,三星、小米、微軟等廠商都將眼光看向印度智慧手機市場,宏達電能藉此起死回生,又或只是換在另一紅海沉浮還未可知。」 http://www.bnext.com.tw/article/view/id/36694 我就講能講的部分好了。 1. 不論量衝上多少支,hTC在高度競爭的市場都賣不出可以看的毛利,接下來我們已見即將在印度發生的流血惡戰更將逼它敗走切腹。在減除直接成本、折舊攤提、行銷費用、以及其他overhead後,依我粗估,倘若真的進軍那兒的話,前幾年平均連5毛台幣的稅後都貢獻不出來,在財報數字上根本幫不了忙。您就別問前幾年之後了,那時hTC在餅圖上還看不看得到位子都不知道。 2. 這家公司向來的問題,在於獲致初步成功後所養成的從上到下的自大、驕氣、與目中無人;這一點到目前依舊沒變,要怎麼好起來?股價750元時,我就已對幾位有公信力的朋友公開講它將掉到150元,事後也證明在那個價位上下停留最久。 3. 瞎猜ASUS要併購它的人根本完全不懂併購的核心思考與技術;hTC想要活下去再取得市場的信任,只能靠自己,作打掉重練的調整,以內容帶硬體、從應用帶硬體,都是可以揣摩的方向。畢竟,從全球的角度,當前舉目所及,沒半個人會對它出手。 我從多年前就確認宏達電已走向墮落,也持續痛責它的幾位領導人不適任,在我部落格裡罵得更凶;但這一切都純粹是基於客觀的評估。在主觀上,我仍誠心祈願這個台灣品牌更好。

Waterland Securities (Part 3)

Two steps of fake transaction made by Yang allowed him to steal the commercial paper of Waterland and sell them to Bank of Taiwan. 楊瑞仁所操控的兩階段假交易,讓他偷走國票的商業本票得以賣給台灣銀行,然後國票再把這些賣本票所得來的錢退給根本不實際存在的人頭戶,使楊瑞仁獲得資金。當然國票弊案的出現是許多因素共同作用的結果,其內部控制上的防範漏洞包括空白本票的保管、印鑑的管理與使用、電腦系統的設定、國票總公司的對帳方式等都是造成弊案不可或缺的因素。 其實問題之關鍵仍然是出在文件,國票弊案的最大功臣是文件,日後要防止此類弊案應該,也唯有從文件的管理下手才是最有效的辦法。 國票案裡面最重要的兩份文件為何?─就是楊瑞仁犯罪兩大步驟的交易文件。第一步驟的文件是賣出偽造商業本票給台銀時所附「賣出成交單」、第二步驟的文件則是「附買回交易」所列印、傳給國票總公司的「收付款憑單」。 假成交單騙過了台銀,使台銀買了假本票並且付錢給國票公司;假付款憑單則是使國票總公司誤認帳戶裡的錢是附買回交易而得來的,因此會把錢匯給楊瑞仁的人頭戶。 這兩種文件在案件中扮演了舉足輕重的角色,如果沒有偽造的成交、付款憑據楊瑞仁將無法順利遂行其意圖,但是國票對於這些文件的管理卻與他們的重要性成反比,只抓總數而不核對詳細細節、公司電腦鎖碼流於形式,輸入及列印的資料可以任意刪除而釀成巨禍。 這是另一個資訊不充分的例子,楊瑞仁利用公司的電腦系統列印了許多交易文件國票確無法查知,這些假交易的契約書在哪裡?銀行匯款單或對帳單又在哪裡?這些文件都是揭發弊案的最佳幫手,國票有沒有予以妥善管理並且詳加監督? 國票該如何改進其文件控管流程?其實在其電腦系統的設定上有非常大的進步空間。首先,其電腦系統的接近權限設定可以改成非上班時間時無法進入使用,楊瑞仁若硬要在上班時間列印不實文件,其露出馬腳的機會就會大幅增加,他可能因此怯步。第二,電腦系統上不管列印了什麼文件,系統都必須自動備份並且予以保存,不得任意刪除,有利公司稽核人員利用文件的管理來監督公司員工的營業狀況,隨時應變,一有不正常的交易出現立刻可以調查相關文件的內容,即時遏止犯罪之發生。 國票案小筆記: 國票案再度突顯了一個觀念,也就是企業內部控制制度的完善與否,對於企業的整體發展與生存有不可言喻的重要性,區區一個營業員,就可以利用公司內部的各種漏洞、疏失,從公司搬走數百億元而不被發覺,那如果是高層要舞弊的話不是猶如探囊取物般輕鬆? 1. 企業與其客戶所為的各種交易當中,會出現各類的文件,這些文件都是企業重要的資產,攸關企業的存亡。 2.…

Crypto Tax Worldwide

Bitcoin value surpassed gold for the first time in March, 2017, since then, the price of bitcoin continued to soar thru the remaining year of 2017 (all-high at $19,665), but fell drastically overall in 2018 (now…